- Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University (CCS HAU), Hisar has released the admission notification to conduct the University level Entrance Exam for eligible candidates to admission in the Undergraduate (UG) courses, Bachelor Degree Programmes as well as in Post Graduation (PG), Master Degree courses in the field of Science & Technology and Agriculture included B.Sc. (Hons.) Agriculture, M.Sc. Food Science/Molecular Biology/Biotechnology/Bioinformatics in the University campus for the academic year 2019-2020. All the Senior Secondary and graduate students who are interested are invited to apply through Online mode by filling up the Application forms before the last date.
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CCS HAU stands for Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University. It is one of the biggest Agriculture University of Asia and obviously of India which is doing great work in Agriculture field to improve and develop the Science and Agriculture niche. A lot of students complete their higher study from there and get employed in the excellent position.
Syllabus of Post Graduate course 2019-20.
SYLLABUS FOR COMMON ENTRANCE TEST
Master of Science (Except Sociology)
There will be 100 (One hundred) questions of multiple choice type.
SYLLABUS FOR COMBINED ENTRANCE TEST
M.Sc. (Biochemistry, Bioinformatics, Botany, Plant Physiology, Chemistry, Microbiology,
Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Zoology and Food Science and Technology).
Click here to download Syllabus.
Entrance Test for M. Sc. Ag. Programme
Objective type: Multiple choice questions
No. of Questions: 100
Total marks: 100
Qualifying marks: 40 (38 for SC)
Duration of Test: Three hours
Syllabus with Distribution of Marks in parentheses..
AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS (8)
Principles of agricultural economics: Economics and agricultural economics: law of
diminishing marginal utility: consumer’s surplus; demand and supply; law of demand and
supply, elasticity of demand and supply, factors influencing the elasticity of demand and
supply, national income, inflation and deflation, kinds of inflation, basic concepts of
economic growth and development.
Agricultural finance and co-operation :
Agricultural finance; nature and scope,
compounding and discounting; agricultural credit, credit analysis; Banking system in
India and Institutions related, crop insurance and assessment of crop losses; Agricultural
cooperation, pre-independence and post independence era, history of Indian
Agricultural marketing, trade and prices: Agricultural marketing: definition, scope and
subject matter; market and marketing: definitions, dimensions and components of a
market; market structure; conduct and performance, marketing functions, market
functionaries or agencies; producer’s surplus, types and factors effecting marketable
surplus; marketing channels, definition, types of channels for different products; market
integration: meaning and type; marketing efficiency; meaning, definition, marketing
costs, margins and price spread, factors affecting the cost of marketing; GATT, WTO,
AOA, market access; cooperative marketing: meaning and types; AGMARK,
characteristics of agricultural products; agricultural prices: meaning, role and types, need
for agricultural price policy; risk in marketing: meaning, types of risk in marketing;
speculations and hedging.
Production economics and farm management: Production economics: meaning,
definition, nature and scope of agricultural production economics; basic concepts and
terms; concepts of production; production function: meaning, definition, types; farm
management: meaning, definition, importance; economic principles applied to the
organizations of farm business; types and systems of farming, farm planning and
budgeting, risk and uncertainty, principles of farm management.
Fundamentals of agribusiness management: Agribusiness: meaning, definition and
importance, agribusiness management – distinctive features of agribusiness; importance
of financial statements, balance sheet, profit and loss statement, agro-based industries:
importance and need, classification, marketing management: meaning, definitions, 7Ps
of marketing, market segmentation and targeting; product life cycle; project, project
cycle, and steps involved. Appraisal and evaluation techniques: NPV, BCR, IRR;
characteristics of agricultural projects.
AGRIL. METEOROLOGY (3)
Definition, aim and scope of agricultural meteorology; atmosphere, brief description of
weather elements, impact of weather elements on crop and livestock production, crop
microclimate and its modification, weather forecasting and agriculture, climate of
Haryana and India, concept of climate change, remote sensing and GIS.
Introductory agriculture: Art, science, business & basic elements of crop production
and factors affecting it; history of agricultural development in India; Indian agriculture:
soil groups, marine, livestock and water; liabilities: soil & weather factors, economic
ecology, dry & irrigated agriculture, farming system approach, value addition; women in
agriculture: roles & tasks, stress factors, nutritional & rural life standards, house hold
design making, drudgery reduction, women friendly agricultural technology; women
empowerment: group dynamics, rural women; the nucleus of agricultural extension and
Principles of agronomy: Meaning & scope of agriculture, its development in
India/Haryana: agricultural research institutes in India; agronomy: definition, history,
relation with other sciences; classification of crops; characteristics of good seed, types of
seed & seed multiplication; crop growth and factors affecting it, agronomic principles;
tillage: objectives, and optimum requirement; soil fertility, productivity; application of
manures & fertilizers, cropping pattern(s), cropping and farming systems.
Irrigation water management: Importance of water and forms of soil moisture in crop
production; irrigation and its source, water resources & irrigation development in India/
Haryana; soil plant water relationship, energy concept, components of water potentials;
evapotranspiration, crop water requirement, effective rainfall; scheduling & methods of
irrigation including micro/pressure irrigation/rain gun; irrigation & water use efficiency
and factors affecting them; conjunctive use of water; irrigation water quality & its
management; water management of field crops; drainage and its methods; prevention of
water losses; effect of water logging & water stress: irrigation strategies under limited
Field crops – i (kharif crops): Origin, distribution, economic importance, soil & climatic
requirement, varieties, manuring, water management, constraints and cultivation of rice,
maize, sorghum, pearlmillet, pigeonpea, green gram, black gram, groundnut, sesamurn,
soybean, cotton, sorghum, cowpea and napier.
Field crops – ii (rabi crops): Origin, distribution, economic importance, soil & climatic
requirements, varieties, cultural practices, manuring, water management, constraints &
cultivation of wheat, barley, chickpea, lentil, peas, frenchbean, rapeseed & mustard,
sunflower; sugarcane, tobacco, berseem, lucerne and oat.
Weed management: Weeds: harmful & beneficial effects, classification, propagation,
dissemination, biology & ecology, crop weed association & competition, allelopathy;
concepts of weed management, methods of weed control: herbicides: advantages,
limitations, classification, formulations, method of application; adjuvants & their uses:
selectivity & compatibility of herbicides with other agro-chemicals; weed management:
major field & horticultural crops; shift of weed flora, aquatic & problematic weeds and control.
Production technology of spices, medicinal, aromatic & plantation crops:
Importance & cultivation technology of spices: ginger, turmeric, pepper, cardamom,
coriander, cumin, fenugreek; medicinal plants: diascoria, rauvolfia, opium, ocimum,
periwinkle, aloe, guggal, aonla, isabgol,senna, stevia, coleus, acorus; aromatic plants:
lemon grass, citronella, palmarose, vetiver, geranium, dawana; plantation crops:
coconut, betel vine, cashew, cocoa, coffee, oil palm.
Rainfed agriculture: Rainfed farming: characteristics, rainfall distribution in the
state/India, problems of crop production, land shaping & planting methods, management
of rainfed crops: critical stages of life saving irrigations, constraints & package of
practices for rainfed crops of Haryana; mulches and anti-transpirants; water harvesting,
moisture conservation; principles of intercropping, cropping systems/intercropping;
choice of crops & varieties; contingent crop planning for aberrant weather; watershed
management: principals & practices; agro-horticultural, agro-forestry & silvi-pasture in
dry land agriculture.
Organic farming: Introduction, concepts, relevance; organic production requirements;
biological nutrient management-organic & bio-fertilizers: soil improvement &
amendments; integrated diseases & pest management, use of bio-control agents, bio-
pesticides, pherornones, trap crops, bird perches; water & weed management; quality
considerations, certification, labelling, accreditation, marketing, exports.
Farming systems and sustainable agriculture: Sustainable agriculture: introduction,
definition, goal, current concepts; land degradation, conservation of natural resources,
low & high external input agriculture; waste land & their development; organic farming &
farming systems: definition principle & components; IFS models for wet land, irrigated
dryland and drylands; problems & prospects of present day agriculture.
Insect morphology and systematic: The external features and morphological
characters of the insect body; modification of antennae, legs, wings and mouth parts.
Different anatomical systems in the insects and classification of class Insecta up to
Orders and Families.
Insect ecology and integrated pest management including beneficial insects:
Basic knowledge of biotic and abiotic factors of environment affecting the insect
population. Concept of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) and recent methods of pest
control. Insecticides and their symptoms of poisoning. Acquaintance with non-insect
pests and micro-organisms.
Crop and stored grain pests and their management: Distribution, biology, nature and
symptoms of damage and management strategies of insect and non-insect pests of
cereal crops, cash crops, vegetables, fruits, plantation and ornamental crops. Stored
grain pests and their control.
EXTENSION EDUCATION (7)
Dimensions of agricultural extension: Meaning and concepts of Extension Education;
Rural development and its different programmes from pre-independence era till today.
Extension methodologies for transfer of agricultural technology: Communication
process along with its different models; Adoption process, Extension teaching methods;
Programme planning; ICT tools in Agriculture; Capacity building of extension and
farmers through training etc.
Entrepreneurship development and communication skills: Entrepreneurship
development: concept, entrepreneurial and managerial characteristics; Different
entrepreneurship development programmes; Govt. policy on small and medium enterprises; Export policies relevant to agriculture sector; Contact farming; Public-private
Forests in India, forest policy and law; Principles of silviculture; Social forestry: need,
objectives and scope; watershed management; nurseries practices; Afforestation on
different problematic sites; Energy plantations; Farm forestry: objectives and role;
Principles and practices of Agroforestry; Forest products, their processing and use.
GENETICS & PLANT BREEDING (12)
Fundamentals of genetics: Ultra structure of cell and cell organelles and their
functions: mitosis and meiosis, their significance and differences between them;
Mendel’s laws of inheritance and exceptions to the laws; types of gene interaction,
multiple alleles, law of population equilibrium, quantitative traits, qualitative traits;
multiple factor hypothesis; cytoplasmic inheritance, it’s characteristic features; mutation
and it’s characteristic features; methods of inducing mutations; linkage, types of linkage
and estimation of linkage; crossing over and factors affecting it; mechanism of crossing
over and cytological proof of crossing over; DNA and it’s structure, function, types,
modes of replication and repair; RNA and its structure, function and types; transcription,
translation, genetic code and outline of protein synthesis; gene expression and
differential gene activation; lac operon and fine structure of gene; numerical and
structural chromosomal aberrations.
Principles of plant breeding: Floral biology, emasculation and pollination techniques in
cereals, millets, pulses, oil seeds, fibers, plantation crops etc; modes of reproduction,
sexual, asexual, apomixis and their classification; modes of pollination, differences
between self and cross pollinated crops; methods of breeding: introduction and
acclimatization; selection, mass selection, johannson’s pure line theory, genetic basis,
pure line selection; hybridization, types of hybridization; methods of handling of
segregating generations, pedigree method, bulk method, back cross method and various
modified methods; incompatibility and male sterility; heterosis, inbreeding depression,
various theories of heterosis, single cross and double cross hybrids; recurrent selection,
synthetics and composites; mutation breeding; ploidy breeding; wide hybridization.
Breeding of field crops: Breeding objectives and important concepts of breeding self
pollinated, cross pollinated and vegetatively propagated crops; Study of origin,
distribution of species, wild relatives and forms, cereals, (rice, wheat, maize, millets,
sorghum, bajra); pulses (redgram, greengram, blackgram, soybean); oilseeds
(groundnut, sesame, sunflower, castor, mustard) etc. fibers (cotton) etc.; major breeding
procedures for development of hybrids / varieties of various crops; plant genetic
resources their conservation and utilization in crop improvement; ideotype concept in
crop improvement (with examples of wheat, rice, maize, sunflower etc.); breeding for
resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses; introduction to IPR and its related issues.
Principles of plant biotechnology: Concepts of plant biotechnology; totipotency and
morphogenesis, nutritional requirements of in-vitro cultures; micro propagation, anther
culture, pollen culture, ovule culture, embryo culture, test tube fertilization, endosperm
culture, somaclonal variation, types, reasons: somatic embryogenesis and synthetic
seed production technology; protoplast isolation, culture, manipulation and fusion;
products of somatic hybrids and cybrids, genetic engineering; restriction enzymes;
vectors for gene transfer, gene cloning, direct and indirect method of gene transfer,
transgenic plants and their applications; PCR, blotting techniques (southern, northern,
and eastern); DNA finger printing using, DNA markers – RAPD, RFLP, AFLP, SSR,
Production technology of fruit crops: Horticulture: importance and status; fruit zones;
classification of fruits; dormancy, chilling requirement, heat units, juvenility; physiology of
flowering and fruit-bud-differentiation; parthenocarpy, C/N ratio, problems of
unfruitfulness, fruit development and maturity; protection from abiotic stresses; modern
propagation structures and greenhouses;Planning and Layout of orchard; orchard
management practices; Cultivation of temperate, sub-tropical and tropical fruits, viz.
apple, pear, peach, plum, almond, loquat, mango, citrus, grapes, guava, sapota, litchi,
ber, phalsa, pomegranate, aonla, jamun, date-palm, papaya, banana and pineapple.
Post-harvest management of fruits and vegetables: Importance and scope of post-
harvest technology of horticultural crops; post-harvest classification of fruits and
vegetables; maturity indices; changes during maturity and ripening; harvesting and
post-harvest operations; cold chain storage systems; causes of post-harvest losses and
their control measures; principles and methods of preservation of fruits and vegetables
Ornamental horticulture: Importance and scope of floriculture in the state and country;
cultivation of annuals, shrubs, hedges, climbers, bulbous plants, ornamental trees and
roses; history, concept and styles of gardens and their salient features; aesthetic and
bio-aesthetic planning; Preparation and maintenance of lawns, rock gardens, hedges,
edges, topiary, water gardens and indoor plants.
Types and habitats of nematodes; history, economic importance, gross morphology,
biology, ecology, nature of damage and general symptomatology of plant parasitic
nematodes. Principles and practices of nematode management. Diagnosis, hosts,
distribution, biology, symptoms and management of important plant parasitic nematodes
PLANT PATHOLOGY (11)
Economic importance, symptoms, causes, epidemiology, disease cycle, integrated
disease management of field crops, vegetables and horticultural crops; Principles of
Plant Pathology; Importance of Plant Pathogens, their life cycles, viz., fungi, bacteria,
viruses, viroids, phytoplasma, spiroplasma, fastidious vascular bacteria, algae, protozoa
and phenerogamic parasites; Principles of plant disease management, epidemiology
including factors; Disease forecasting and application of biotechnology in plant disease
SEED TECHNOLOGY (3)
Introduction to seed production; Deterioration of crop varieties; Maintenance of genetic
purity during seed production; Seed quality; Different classes of seed, principles of seed
production; Seed certification; Introduction to Seed Act & WTO; Varietal identification;
Seed processing; Seed treatments; Seed storage and marketing.
SOIL SCIENCE (9)
Introduction to soil science: Soil formation, rocks and minerals, weathering, soil
formation factors and processes, soil profile, soil physical properties, soil water, soil
temperature, soil air, ion exchange, soil reaction, soil organic matter and soil organisms.
Soil fertility, soil chemistry and nutrient management: Soil fertility, essential
nutrients, their functions and deficiency symptoms; C, N and S cycles in soils; problem
soils, their types and management; irrigation water quality and its use in agriculture; soil
fertility evaluation and nutrient recommendations to crops; nutrient use efficiency in
respect of N, P, K, S and Zn fertilizers; nutrient application and scheduling for different
soils and crops.
Manures, fertilizers and agro-chemicals: Manures, their types and properties,
composting; fertilizers: history and their classification; manufacturing process, properties
and reaction in soil of major N, P and K fertilizers; secondary and micronutrient
fertilizers; fertilizer control order; soil pollution and agrochemicals, remediation of soil
contaminated with agrochemicals.
VEGETABLE SCIENCE (3)
Role of vegetables in human nutrition; fundamentals of vegetable production; types of
vegetable gardening; varieties, sowing time, seed rate and cultural practices of potato,
tomato, brinjal, chilli, cauliflower, peas, cowpea, cluster bean, onion, garlic, carrot,
radish, okra, sweet potato, watermelon, muskmelon, bottle gourd, beet leaf and
Entrance Test for M. Sc. (Home Science) Programme
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Syllabus for M Tech
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